Alternative energy

“Shey’s Rebellion”: _Is Pakistan making an effort to use alternative energy sources, especially in the rural areas?_

Kaleem Omar answers:

bq.. Meanwhile, the chairman of Pakistan�s Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB), Air Marshal (Retd.) Shahid Hamid, told a press conference in Quetta on October 13 that his organization is developing alternative sources of energy and has initiated a number of schemes in this connection.

“Our plan is to generate energy from the sun, wind and other sources equal to the total installed generation capacity of the country by 2015 as the current sources of energy including oil and gas are rapidly depleting,” Hamid said.

>> “The News Business Review”:

p. He certainly is aiming in the right direction, and it’s really nice to hear that they plan to match the current electricity output with ‘clean’ energy. I just wish they would reveal their plans on how exactly they plan to get there. Is there a website with their plans? checking… nope, google certainly hasn’t heard of it. Has one of the many newspapers in this country come across this plan and published anything at all about it? Nope… nothing there either. What about if I ask them directly:

bq. *Alternative Energy Development Board*

Contact: Brig. Dr. Nasim A. Khan, Secretary/Member Tech.

Fax. No.: 9251-9205790

Tel. No.: 9251-9223427

Address: 344-B, Prime Minister’s Secretariat

Government of Pakistan

While I wait for their reply, some more wandering about on the web finds this Asian Development Bank project, “Capacity Building for Alternative Energy Development Board”:

bq. *Objectives and Scope* The objective of the Project is to strengthen the institutional capacity and technical capability of AEDB to facilitate and coordinate the GOP’s efforts *to make RE 10% of the energy mix by 2015.* The Project will have three components: (i) assist in prioritizing the various parts of AEDB’s mandate and *developing a business plan* for AEDB with immediate, medium-term, and long-term work plans…

If the AEDB is asking the ADB for help to develop a plan, and the ADB is going to start hiring consultants in Dec 2004, than we’ll be well into 2005 by the time theres even hope of a plan. Was the air marshals speech yet another classic case of putting the cart before the horse? If he has a concrete plan, than why ask the ADB for one? If not, than how can he announce the aims of the plan when there is no plan?

The *only other project* the ADB is funding for renewable engery development hasn’t started yet. _(ed: like the above)_.

Efforts are ongoing, and have been for many years now for alternaitve energy development. For example:

bq. A mosque in Alipur Farash, a village nestling in the undulating countryside on the outskirts of Islamabad, had already been fitted with solar panels in a test run before at least 100 homes in the community were provided with the same equipment. “This is just the beginning. We plan to provide 1,000 homes in each province with electricity through solar energy. And this is all on a self-help basis: this is all being done through donations from the private sector,” he said.

>> “PAKISTAN: Alternative energy to boost power generation”:

The problem with piece meal efforts like the above is that they don’t really affect anything… all these small scale projects don’t really affect the big picture. While they are to be applauded as most of these small scale projects are being done by individuals and NGO’s, the government needs to aim higher. Which they are, but again instead of wholly depending on foreign investment and NGO’s, it would be nice if they also whole heartedly jumped into this. After all, the govt. forks over billions of rupees to KESC and Wapda every year to ensure that they can afford to have over half the electricity in Karachi mysteriously disappear. Rising oil prices affect Pakistan more than developed countries, since oil is such a large component of our imports that any increase in oil prices adversely affects the rupee value, which in turn increases export prices, not to mention causing inflation at home. Alternative energy is still more expensive than regular oil fired powerplants but at least they’re not subject to fluctuating oil prices. Also taking into consideration that most of the power plants in this country are old and highly inefficent, alternative energy could very well turn out to be cheaper – and this is without even taking the environment benefits into account.

h4. more on this:

* “WorldChanging”: :: A Newly Electric Green � Sustainable Energy, Resources and Design

53 thoughts on “Alternative energy”

  1. Most of the government deptts are like that. Most of these are now headed by “Air Marshals” or “Generals”. We all know the drill. Stories, Stories and Stories. An the funding they get? Well… it’s a different story.

  2. Mostly it is just being said about using the enrgy resources of Pakistan. What I have seen is that the resources of Pakistan would be utilized but only by their privatization which is like selling our country. Govt. gives aad in the newspaper worldwide sometimes tenders are given ultimately the foreigners are invited to pay the money innnitially and then utilize the resources. Then that energy resource becomes very expensive for the people of our own country. Why would any foreigner invest for our benefit they would only invest for their own benefits ultimately the people of our country suffer.

    I hope that someday my prayers would be heared and my country would evetually be in safe hands.

  3. I´m Alejandro Corral Aguirre ,working in the petroleum industry since 1976, supervising estimulation jobs, cementing jobs, logging jobs etc

    My opinion about your article of energy is that i think it is very interesting , because you think in other kinds of energy for children ( people of the future ) we ´re depleting oil and gas in worldwide reserves. How do you think you convince goverment to change this ?

  4. I have been working with these guys and I left them only because of the fact-they only have words to deliver. Well, this is only lip service and I am sure you would hear the same story 10 years down the line; I wish Pakistan to exist by that time.

  5. hi..i m abrar inayat.. student of master of sustainable energy systems in sweden…& i have studied about Solar energy, Fuel cell, Power genration, Bio Fuel, Refrigenration & heat pump technology.& i hope fully that the devolpment of these energy resources in Pakistan is carried out now a days.& i also have desire to work about these energy resources in Pakistan..if some chance will given to me…Inshaa Allah…

  6. i am student of M.Sc Electronics,now a days i am doing my research thesis on topic”Enerdy Situation &Alternative in pakistan”.i request to (AEDB )related people to please help me in this project . if possible then send me the relavant material .i also want to show ” the resources of renewable energy in pakistan”.

    looking farward for a favorable response


  7. Dear Sir

    I am student of Master in Architecture at U.E.T Lahore.

    I am doing a report on Biomass – as an alternate source of energy. So can You provide me some latest information about the production of bio fuel or bio gas in Pakistan. I will be thankful to you for this act of kindness.

    Waiting for your earliest reply



  8. I am from Lahore, and I am interesting to purchase this kind of plant.

    Please send me the full details ?

    and also inform me the location where i have to seen the installed solar systms plants in Lahore or Islambad??


  9. dear sir ,

    i have a formula by which we genrate electricty without any source and i have need further experiment .

    please send me advise for this project

    it is possible or not

    ok thanks

  10. AOA Wa rahmatullah ,

    Dear Sir,

    Can u plz. mail me the information regarding to your future plans within province of Sindh, because i am going to pursue my M.Phil by research degree from QUEST Nawabshah on the topic” Electrical Energy consumption trends in domestic buildings of Pakistan ( Nawabshah city in phase-I) and effects of conservation on National consumption” Sir i have chosen this topic because the share of 45% is in domestic sector, it must be reduced so that to release pressure on the power system for its best performance .

  11. Hello

    I am willing on the alternative energy sources such is solar and wind energ and am ready to join hands with any party or group in Pakistan.

    Let me know if anyone out of you have any business project in hand.



  12. I am from Multan, and I am interesting to purchase this kind of plant.

    Please send me the full details ?

    and also inform me the location where i have to seen the installed solar systms plants in Lahore or Islambad??we r planning to install such type of tech in our home

    .iam waiting for your reply.

    take care

  13. I am encouraged to learn about alternate energy by using solar panels.

    I need to know from where I can purchase these panels and allied equipment in Islamabad/Rawalpindi area.


  14. I am from karachi, and I am interesting to purchase this kind of plant.

    Please send me the full details ?

    we r planning to install such type of tech in my shop

    .iam waiting for your reply.

    take care

  15. I am from Lahore

    I want to Import this type of Solar Energy Plants from Germany and want to sale in Pakistan.

    I need some information regarding Import duties. So, please tell me

    What is the Import duty ??

    Custom duty ??

    Sales Tax??

    or any other related requirements,

    any special permission from Govt,

    any NOC or any registration required from the Govt????

    Please send me the full details.


    My Mob: 0300-4406228

  16. We have used biomass energy or bio-energy— the energy from organic matter— for thousands of years, ever since people started burning wood to cook food or to keep warm. And today, wood is still our largest biomass energy resource. But many other sources of biomass can now be used, including plants, residues from agriculture or forestry, and the organic component of municipal and industrial wastes. Even the fumes from landfills can be used as a biomass energy source.

    Biomass is organic matter originally derived from plants, produced through the process of photosynthesis, and which is not fossilized (such as coal). Biomass can act as a store of chemical energy to provide heat, electricity and transportation fuels, or as a chemical feedstock for bio-based products.

    Biomass resources include wood from plantation forests, residues from agricultural and forest production, and organic waste streams from industry, livestock, food production, and general human activities. Examples are wood chips, sawdust, cotton ginning trash, nutshells, manure and human sewage. This study has focused principally on biomass from trees and then agricultural crops. Other sources of biomass, such as animal and human wastes, are not considered here.

    Biomass for energy is a unique form of renewable, solar energy. Of the massive 178,000 x 1012 Watts of solar energy that falls on the Earth’s surface, some 0.02% or 40 x 1012 Watts is captured by plants via photosynthesis and bound into biomass energy. This translates into the production of some 220 billion ‘dry’ tones of biomass per year, which as an energy source represents some ten times the world’s total current energy use. Currently some 15 percent of the planet’s energy requirements are met from biomass, mainly for cooking and heating in developing countries, but also increasingly for fuelling a growing number of large scales, modern biomass energy plants in industrialized countries.

    In our throwaway society, biomass waste is becoming an increasingly costly disposal problem. Governmental agencies are clamping down on indiscriminate dumping and leaching from existing piles of wood & agricultural waste. Slash burning from logging operation is being prohibited totally in more populated areas. All fossil fuel prices are predicted to escalate at an increasing rate, while costs for biomass fuels are dropping as disposal costs rise. Waste Biomass promises to be one of our greatest energy bargains for the foreseeable future.

    The use of biomass energy has the potential to greatly reduce our greenhouse gas emissions. Biomass generates about the same amount of carbon dioxide as fossil fuels, but every time a new plant grows, carbon dioxide is actually removed from the atmosphere. The net emission of carbon dioxide will be zero as long as plants continue to be replenished for biomass energy purposes. These energy crops, such as fast-growing trees and grasses, are called biomass feed stocks. The use of biomass feed stocks can also help increase profits for the agricultural industry.

    Can an energy source that has been used for millions of years still be a viable resource to meet our future energy needs? This is the question that faces the use of biomass, the burning of biological, grow able material to produce energy, namely in the form of electricity. In order to answer these questions we need to examine the history, other uses and sources, advantages and disadvantages, the environmental impact of biomass, calculations for projected use, how it is used today, and the future of biomass.

    Biomass as an energy source began when early humans learned to start fire with twigs and leaves. Up until the days of the Industrial Revolution this was the main energy supply of modern countries like the United States. However, the Industrial Revolution gave way to the use of fossil fuels, such as coal and oil, as producers of heat and electricity. Developing countries still make use of biomass in a primitive form because they do not have the technologies to use other resources. Today, centuries later, it is still used when we burn firewood, charcoal, and manure. However, as an advanced form of energy, fossil fuels, hydroelectricity, and nuclear power have replaced biomass. Despite the lack of effort put into the development of biomass power, there has been a renewed interest in recent years, due to the increase in awareness of the diminishing current energy sources. Research improved in 1991 when the U.S. Department of Energy organized a Biomass Power Project to expand the use of renewable energy via biomass. From the success of the program new technologies, techniques, and materials have been found to help make biomass a leading energy source for the future.

    Besides burning biomass to produce electricity, it can also be changed into a gas-like fuel or a liquid fuel. One gas-like fuel, methane, comes from the burning of crops to produce a combustible gas that is comparable to natural gas. A source of methane is landfills. Wells can be drilled into landfills to release a methane gas that is produced from food scraps and other waste decays. This gas can be used in a turbine, which is more efficient than steam turbines. Liquid fuels, also called bio-fuels, come in two forms: ethanol and methanol. Ethanol is the most commonly used bio-fuel made from corn and other grains. In the future, a combination of ethanol and alcohol could be used in alcohol engines and become competitive with gasoline to power vehicles.

  17. I know about how the present government is tryinh to utilize the alternative resources to fullfill the energy requirements of pakistan in coming future and the dedicated team is selected for this purpose. I pray for their success for making pakistam brighter. Air Marshal(R) Shahid Hamid may u succeed to achive your goal as you achieved in shape of AERO.

  18. Im a student of architecture cyrrently studying at the Indus valley school of art and architecture.Im doing my thesis on designing an energy efficient house in Karachi and my design would revolve around the principles of green architecture (both passive and active solutions) and I will propose a prototypical house so that it becomes a NORM in karachi in the future. I want information on solar panel installation, solar heating systems, biogas and solar pits, water recycling as techniques applicable and most appropriate for the houses of Karachi If anyone has any information regarding any data both technical and relating to design constraints etc, kindly email me.

  19. Is there any one who knows any thing about sustainable development especially with reference to Pakistan? I am about to join a course on this subject in Oct and I need some one to talk to about this. (dont gimmee SDPI or AEDB etc.)

    By the way, Solar project in small villages, wind mills, biomass, biodiesel, ethanol are at present failures in Pakistan. See Pakistan Energy Report 2003 (not published after that).

    When you claim solar geysers worth thousands of dollars from donor agencies and install something else instead of it…no one is going to fund you next time.

  20. To Mr. Abdul Moeed Mudassir can contact me on my email address for sustainable development study. We actually fot a assembly plant in Karachi for PV modules production.Dont bother AEDB, its is a useless department. Ive spoken to Dr. Naseem on many occasions. They guys dont know a heck what they’re upto. My email address is:

    Many tnx Bye

  21. For Mr.Nabil Hussain

    I am Design Engineer for Solar Homes and large scale PV Projects based in Sweden.I am very much interested to know about your work on BIPV.Please reply to my


  22. i want to know that is there any system avilable to supply electricity to one house using solar energy? what wuould be its cost? to whom should i contact? Does government can help me insttaling for a very poor family who are without electircity.

  23. Sir

    I am willing to work on renewable energy sources, and i am working on solar heat exchanger. I am a student of mechanical eng.


  24. I want to know how can a solar system provide electricity to our homes .Can we

    replace the local system with the solar system.

  25. Those who have expressed interest in setting up manufacturing and providing solar energy systems in pakistan please contact me through email.

    Thank you.

  26. I am Mohammad Khan, an electrical engineer (post graduate in EE and MBA) from Pakistan, living and working in California since 1978.

    I have worked in the fields of high power power supplies AC/DC, DC/DC and solar to electrical in the satellites, lasers radars and networking. I am probaly one of the most qualified person in the poer conversion field. I have very good ideas on the energy independence of Pakistan. I need a Pakistani who can I work with to make Pakistan independent of foreign oil needs and also head into new era ofrenewable energy.

  27. We Euroasiaimpex Switzerland,

    have develped the best Solar energy system for homes Elec. and heating and cooling system for shops, homes, and industry. with the help of solar energy you can reach till -20 degree cooling.Our Technolgy is the latest tech.form Switzerland and German Scientists.

    We are looking for suitable Partners(Strong Financial base),Distributors in all areas of Pakistan ,.We gurantee, best Price. 10 Years Free Service.

    With best wishes

    Spar Line GmbH

    Bern Switzerland

    0041 76 517 66 83

  28. sir,

    i am from lahore. i want to visit your office to know more about different projects.i need the address and telephone number.i want to start manufacturing of any item because i have no job. i shall be very thankful to you.


    from:raza hasan bhatti


  29. Alternate Energy is pep., talk in civilised society. People in middle class, intellectual discussions talk about alternates in energy. With international financial support a regulator was formed AEDB. Wind farms are established. Solar panels lights are installed in Islamabd etc., seminar organised frequently.

    Energy situation need no elaboration. I’ll only talk about alternate fuels. Environmental degradation NGO’s seminars, hi-tea, and lunches are good to participate. Motorisation in wake of flexible financing of autos, lack of public transport, use of fossil fuels. It is extremely urgent to consider the use of alternative fuel in automobiles. CNG is good, but why not the LPG? Benefits of LPG are documented viz-a-viz CNG which requires major capital investment for compression, and kits. Japan is the case example for usage of LPG largest in the world. LPG’s autogas industry was never consiered important. Taxis using LPG initiated, but the premium on the LPG prices let them down. As CNG was cheaper, but they cannot afford to install a CNG kit. LPG installation costs little, safe, clean, global acceptance. I will want to invite the regulator, NGO’s, for a debate on the economics of LPG, and for the support of LPG in Pakistan. Why LPG as alternate fuel is not coming to Pakistan as tax free to stabilise prices in the local market.

    Shall solicit comments at eMail: Cell 0300-9215711

  30. The subject matter has a great value. and its a sensitive issue as well. I am starting solar energy business in PAkistan, If some one is interested to join this project pease contact me at 0300-5010998 Kamran for investment or ideas.


  31. Salam, I am student of BBA doing researsh final project on “wind energy electricity generation and it is cost reduction proposal for pakistan” i need information about its practical implimentation in pakistan and in which city wind power plant is working.What is the future of wind energy electric generation in pakistan. if possible then send me the relavant material . the resources of wind energy power generation in pakistan.I am waiting for ur reply.plz give information as soon as possible.

    Allah hafiz

  32. sir i m a student of final year,Mecanical department of Mehran uet Jamshoro.

    I m working on annual consumption and resources of energy of pakistan.

    if u plz help me in this regard.

    i will be thankfull to u.

  33. I want to start a business in Soler Enegy equipments in Pakistan. I want to get full information to start that business. A partner with technical knowhow is invited.

  34. Dear sir,

    Desert and rural development org:(dard) is a non-goverment organization working in ACHRO THAR since 2000.

    All members are local and well known to all indigenous resources,problems,opportunities and threats.DARD has gender based appproach,specially disadvantaged and marginalized segments of society i.e. childern and women are focused.

    Having been related with ACHRO THAR,we hope that we will fullfil all your requierments.

    And we hope that you will keep us uptodate with your activites and will make us participated in them accordingly.




  35. sir,

    i need to know that how we can study in solar energy technolgy in pakistan.

    plz let me know about the information of any insitute available in pakistan.


  36. I m doing master thesis on”alternative enrgy potentials in Quetta”, can some body help me in this regard,,,,,

    with pleasure of memories of Quetta Valley,…….

  37. hello

    i maria from fatima jinnah women university,rawalpindi.i am working on project,how rawal pindi muncipal waste can be used as energy source?i will thankful if u can send me relative material.

  38. Pakistan can make windmills also called wind turbines

    a 100 kw wind turbine is a midsized turbine and we are in the process of making it in Pakistan.

    All those intrested in Alternative energy and ridding Pakistan of these black outs ,pl write to me , we can worktogether and get Pakistan self sufficient in Electrical power now


    salim mastan

    pl send email to

  39. I M very much intrested to know about the SOLAR ENERGY.

    Please help me in this regard that I can get more knowledge regarding the Solar Plants installation in my home.

  40. I am interested in purchasing 150 units of Solar Energy Panels , which should support 2000 watts each. I need prices , availability of goods and training + support.

    Interested companies can contact me through email or my cell 0321-8401245

  41. I am interested in purchasing 150 units of Solar Energy Panels , which should support 2000 watts each. I need prices , availability of goods and training + support.

    Interested companies can contact me through email or my cell 0321-8401245

  42. I am interested in purchasing 50 units of Solar Energy Panels , which should support 2000 watts to 5000 watts each. I need prices , availability of goods and training + support

  43. I Am interested to know that who much watts needed for a 4 bed room home witch is fully furnished with a/c and heating system. And what type of solar energy panels are needed and who much there cast + instalation + maintinance assistens. Beacuse I want to construct my home in pakistan ( Daska City Distt. Sialkot ). So please help me through Email to me. thanls

  44. Hi Sir,

    I want to built a unit of LPG in Pakitan.I want to know its requirement and totall information about LPG.Well how much money should be neened for this task.

    do you think will it benifical for me in Pakistan.Kindly inform me if you know a bit about LPG.ANd kidly tell me i could get commercial loan for this purpose and how much place is needed and what is about minimum and maximum unit.

    I want a complete bio-data for LPG unit.

    I will wait for your reply.Reply me as soon as possible.


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